Lishoy Francis (B.E<India>, M.Sc<London>, CISSP<Associate>) received his Bachelor of Engineering degree in Computer Science & Engineering with a Distinction from Viveswaraiah Technological University, Belgaum, India, in 2002. After graduating, he worked as a Software Engineer developing intranet and quality systems for Wpro Fluid Power Ltd., Bangalore, India, until early 2003. In 2004, he completed his Masters in Information Security at Royal Holloway, University of London. He is currently studying for a PhD degree supervised by Professor Keith Mayes, and guided by Professor Konstantinos Markantonakis. His research interests include: Smart Card/Tokens Security, Extensibility, Attacks & Countermeasures, Interoperability in Open Devices; and Content Protection and Management in Mobile & Pay TV systems. He is passionately enthusiastic about Information Security.