Founding Members

gd_logoGiesecke & Devrient (G&D) is a globally operating technology group. Established in 1852, the company initially specialized in banknote and securities printing later adding automatic currency processing equipment to its portfolio. Today, G&D is also a leading supplier of smart cards and cutting-edge system solutions in the fields of telecommunications, electronic payments, transportation, health care, identity , customer loyalty, pay-TV, multimedia and Internet security (Public Key Infrastructure). The G&D Group, based in Munich, Germany, comprises 47 subsidiaries and joins ventures in all parts of the world.


Vodafone Group Plc provides an extensive range of mobile telecommunications services, including voice and data communications, and is the world’s largest mobile telecommunications company, with a significant presence in Continental Europe, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Far East through the Company’s subsidiary undertakings, associated undertakings and investments. The group presently operates in 26 countries worldwide.

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Royal Holloway University of London